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Bombyx mori cypovirus encoded small peptide inhibits viral multiplication
- Hu, Xiaolong, Chen, Fei, Zhu, Liyuan, Yu, Lei, Zhu, Min, Liang, Zi, Zhang, Xing, Xue, Renyu, Cao, Guangli, Gong, Chengliang
- Developmental and comparative immunology 2019 v.96 pp. 51-57
- Bombyx mori, Cypovirus, Western blotting, amino acids, apoptosis, cytoplasm, double-stranded RNA, fluorescent antibody technique, gene overexpression, messenger RNA, midgut, open reading frames, pathogens, peptides, reverse genetics, sericulture, silkworms, start codon, stop codon, virion, viruses
- Bombyx mori cypovirus (BmCPV) is one of the most infectious pathogen in sericulture and a member of the family Reoviridae. It specifically infects the midgut of silkworm. The BmCPV genome consists of 10 dsRNAs segments (S1–S10), which have generally been assumed to be monocistronic. In this study, a small open reading frame encoding the peptide S5-sORF, containing 27 amino acid residues, was predicted in a region of the negative (−) strand of BmCPV segment S5. An immunofluorescence assay detected S5-sORF in the cytoplasm and nuclei of BmCPV-infected cells, and it was also detected in the virion with western blotting, suggesting that S5-sORF may be assembled into the BmCPV virion. Viral gene expression was inhibited by overexpressed S5-sORF, and viral multiplication was dose-dependently suppressed by the S5-sORF peptide. A viable recombinant virus, BmCPV-S5-sORFmut, in which the start codon (ATG) of S5-sORF was mutated to a stop codon (TGA), was generated with reverse genetics. The proliferation of BmCPV was increased by the abolition of S5-sORF expression. Furthermore, the RNA transcript of S5-sORF and small peptide of S5-sORF were involved in BmCPV replication. The expression of genes related to the innate immune pathways and apoptosis in the silkworm were not significantly affected by S5-sORF overexpression. Our results suggest that a viral nucleotide sequence is utilized by the host to generate an antiviral peptide, which may be a novel strategy protecting the host from viral infection.