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Lyn is involved in host defense against S. agalactiae infection and BCR signaling in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Bian, Xia, Wu, Siwei, Yin, Xiaoxue, Mu, Liangliang, Yan, Fangfang, Kong, Linghe, Guo, Zheng, Wu, Liting, Ye, Jianmin
Developmental and comparative immunology 2019 v.96 pp. 1-8
Oreochromis niloticus, Streptococcus agalactiae, amino acids, bacterial infections, immune response, kidneys, leukocytes, mice, monoclonal antibodies, open reading frames, phosphorylation, protein kinases, spleen, tissues, transcription (genetics)
Lyn, a member of Src protein kinase family, plays a crucial role in immune reactions against pathogenic infection. In this study, Lyn from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) (OnLyn) was identified and characterized at expression pattern against bacterial infection, and regulation function in BCR signaling. The open reading frame of OnLyn contained 1536 bp of nucleotide sequence encoded a protein of 511 amino acids. The OnLyn protein was highly conversed to other species Lyn, including SH3, SH2 and a catalytic Tyr kinase (TyrKc) domain. Transcriptional expression analysis revealed that OnLyn was detected in all examined tissues and was highly expressed in the head kidney. The up-regulation OnLyn expression was observed in the head kidney and spleen following challenge with Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae) in vivo, and was also displayed in head kidney leukocytes challenge with S. agalactiae and LPS in vitro. In addition, after induction with mouse anti-OnIgM mAb in vitro, the OnLyn expression and phosphorylation of OnLyn (Y507) were significantly up-regulated in the head kidney leukocytes. Moreover, after treatment with AZD0530 and mouse anti-OnIgM monoclonal antibody, the down-regulation of cytoplasmic free-Ca2+ concentration was detected in the head kidney leukocytes in vitro. Taken together, the findings of this study revealed that OnLyn might play potential roles in BCR signaling and get involved in host defense against bacterial infection in Nile tilapia.