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Molecular identification and antiviral function of the guanylate-binding protein (GBP) genes in the Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinesis)

Gu, Tianle, Yu, Dandan, Fan, Yu, Wu, Yong, Yao, Yu-Lin, Xu, Ling, Yao, Yong-Gang
Developmental and comparative immunology 2019 v.96 pp. 27-36
Encephalomyocarditis virus, Human herpesvirus 1, Newcastle disease virus, Primates, Tupaia belangeri, Vesiculovirus, animal models, antiviral properties, bacteria, brain, cytoplasm, gene expression, genes, guanosinetriphosphatase, heart, infectious diseases, interferon-gamma, intestines, kidney cells, kidneys, liver, lungs, messenger RNA, parasites, pathogens, proteins, spleen, tissues, viruses
Following viral detection and interferons (IFNs) production, several hundreds of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) are subsequently induced to act as direct antiviral effectors or regulators of the IFN signaling. The guanylate-binding protein (GBP) family belongs to IFN-inducible GTPases defending the host against a diverse group of invading pathogens such as parasites, bacteria and viruses. The Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinese) has been increasingly used as an alternative experimental animal to primates in studying viral infectious diseases. Hitherto, the tree shrew GBP family has not been characterized. In this study, we identified five tree shrew GBP genes (tGBP1, tGBP2, tGBP4, tGBP5 and tGBP7) and characterized their antiviral activities. All these tGBPs were ubiquitously expressed in heart, spleen, intestines, kidney, liver, lung and brain tissues of the tree shrew. IFN-γ treatment of tree shrew primary renal cells (TSPRCs) significantly induced the mRNA expression of tGBPs. Infections with Newcastle disease virus (NDV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) and type 1 herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) enhanced tGBPs mRNA expression in TSPRCs, but had no effect on the localization of tGBP proteins in the cytoplasm. tGBP1, but not the other four tGBPs, showed antiviral activity against vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and HSV-1 infections. Taken together, this study provided the first-hand information of the GBP family members in the Chinese tree shrew, which might assist the development of tree shrew animal model for infectious diseases.