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A new spray deposition pattern measurement system based on spectral analysis of a fluorescent tracer
- Wen, Yao, Zhang, Ruirui, Chen, Liping, Huang, Yanbo, Yi, Tongchuan, Xu, Gang, Li, Longlong, Hewitt, Andrew John
- Computers and electronics in agriculture 2019 v.160 pp. 14-22
- droplets, field experimentation, fluorescence, regression analysis, scanners, spectral analysis, spectrometers, spray deposition, spraying, ultraviolet radiation, unmanned aerial vehicles
- To complement shortages of discrete sampling data and improve the detection accuracy of droplet deposition in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) spraying, we developed a new spray deposition pattern measurement system (SDPMS) based on a fluorescent tracer and spectral analysis. Then, we evaluated the system performance in two field spraying experiments in comparison with water-sensitive paper results. The system comprises a fluorescence scanner and spectral analysis program. The fluorescence scanner includes an ultraviolet light, spectrometer, far end controller, stepping motor, and sample reel. First, 1.0% fluorescent tracer solution is sprayed, and the droplets are collected on a paper strip. Then, the paper strip is scanned with the fluorescence scanner, and a set of fluorescence intensity values is collected and processed by the spectral analysis program. Finally, the spray deposition pattern is calculated. The experimental results showed that the spray deposition pattern from the SDPMS had a 0.89 correlation coefficient with that of water-sensitive paper. A linear regression model between fluorescence intensity and deposit coverage was constructed, with a coefficient of determination of 0.91 (F = 61.8845, P < 0.001). In addition, a linear regression model between fluorescence intensity and volume rate was constructed, with a coefficient of determination of 0.89 (F = 51.6639, P < 0.001). The SDPMS and field experiments offer a good foundation for the development of an improved system compatible with UAV spraying.