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Effect of pigskin-originated gelatin on properties of wheat flour dough and bread

Yu, Wenjie, Xu, Dan, Li, Dandan, Guo, Lunan, Su, Xueqian, Zhang, Yao, Wu, Fengfeng, Xu, Xueming
Food hydrocolloids 2019 v.94 pp. 183-190
amylopectin, breadmaking quality, breads, crystal structure, crystallization, dough, enthalpy, gelatin, hydrocolloids, retrogradation, rheometers, water activity, wheat flour
Effect of pigskin-originated gelatin on dough properties and bread characteristics, especially on bread staling was investigated in terms of starch retrogradation and water migration in the present study. Results showed that gelatin significantly improved bread qualities during storage. Compared with the control, 7-day staling rate of bread containing 0.5% and 1.0% gelatin decreased by 6.56% and 20.83% respectively, indicating gelatin retarded the staling process of bread. This retardation effect was related to starch retrogradation and water migration. The relative crystallinity decreased from 15.12%, 11.60% to 10.75%, which demonstrated the alleviation effect of amylopectin crystallization. Bread samples containing 1.0% gelatin had the lowest retrogradation enthalpy of 2.93 ± 0.24 J/g followed by 0.5% gelatin bread and the control group, further indicating that gelatin may induce less water available to form crystal lattice and restrict the migration of starch molecules. The 5-day moisture loss rate for the control group was highest with the values of 12.39%, which was 1.43% and 1.83% higher than that of bread with 0.5% gelatin and 1.0% gelatin, respectively. Water activity and T2 relaxation results provided the information that gelatin inhibited water migration upon storage and gelatin interacted with bread components. However, the effect of gelatin on improving bread quality and retarding staling could not be reflected by the dough properties measured through farinograph, extensograph and rheometer. This study suggested gelatin from pigskin had great potential to be served as an effective bread improver.