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Recent developments of downstream processing for microbial lipids and conversion to biodiesel

Yellapu, Sravan Kumar, Bharti,, Kaur, Rajwinder, Kumar, Lalit R., Tiwari, Bhagyashree, Zhang, Xiaolei, Tyagi, Rajeshwar D.
Bioresource technology 2018 v.256 pp. 515-528
biodiesel, biomass, biorefining, fatty acids, research and development, transesterification
With increasing global population and depleting resources, there is an apparent demand for radical unprecedented innovation to satisfy the basal needs of lives. Hence, non-conventional renewable energy resources like biodiesel have been worked out in past few decades. Biofuel (e.g. Biodiesel) serves to be the most sustainable answer to solve “food vs. fuel crisis”. In biorefinery process, lipid extraction from oleaginous microbial lipids is an integral part as it facilitates the release of fatty acids. Direct lipid extraction from wet cell-biomass is favorable in comparison to dry-cell biomass because it eliminates the application of expensive dehydration. However, this process is not commercialized yet, instead, it requires intensive research and development in order to establish robust approaches for lipid extraction that can be practically applied on an industrial scale. This review aims for the critical presentation on cell disruption, lipid recovery and purification to support extraction from wet cell-biomass for an efficient transesterification.