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Bioaugmentation strategy for enhancing anaerobic digestion of high C/N ratio feedstock with methanogenic enrichment culture

Li, Ying, Li, Lianhua, Sun, Yongming, Yuan, Zhenhong
Bioresource technology 2018 v.261 pp. 188-195
acetates, anaerobic digestion, bioaugmentation, carbon nitrogen ratio, community structure, enrichment culture, feedstocks, genome, liquids, methane, methane production, methanogens, microbial communities, sequence analysis
To investigate whether bioaugmentation could improve the digestion performance of high C/N ratio feedstock without co-digestion with nitrogen-rich substrate, different forms of enriched methanogenic culture were introduced to the continuous feed digesters. The performance efficiency of bioaugmentation on digestion improvement was compared. The effect of bioaugmentation on microbial community composition was revealed as well. Results demonstrated that routine bioaugmentation with liquid culture (containing the microbes and the medium remains) showed the best performance, with the organic loading rate (OLR), methane percentage, volumetric methane production (VMP) and volatile solid methane production (VSMP) higher at 1.0 g L−1 d−1, 24%, 0.22 L L−1 d−1 and 0.23 L g−1 VS d−1 respectively, compared to the non-bioaugmentation control. Whole genome pyrosequencing analysis suggested that consecutive microbial consortium addition could reconstruct the methanogens community by increasing the populations of acetoclastic methanogens Methanothrix, which could accelerate the degradation of acetate and methane production.