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Comparison between coagulation-flocculation and ozone-flotation for Scenedesmus microalgal biomolecule recovery and nutrient removal from wastewater in a high-rate algal pond

Oliveira, Gislayne Alves, Carissimi, Elvis, Monje-Ramírez, Ignacio, Velasquez-Orta, Sharon B., Rodrigues, Rafael Teixeira, Ledesma, María Teresa Orta
Bioresource technology 2018 v.259 pp. 334-342
Scenedesmus, ammonium nitrogen, biomass, carbohydrates, lipids, microalgae, nitrates, nitrites, nutrients, orthophosphates, ozone, proteins, total nitrogen, wastewater, water quality
The removal of nutrients by Scenedesmus sp. in a high-rate algal pond, and subsequent algal separation by coagulation-flocculation or flotation with ozone to recover biomolecules, were evaluated. Cultivation of Scenedesmus sp. in wastewater resulted in complete NH3-H removal, plus 93% total nitrogen and 61% orthophosphate removals. Ozone-flotation obtained better water quality results than coagulation-flocculation for most parameters (NH3-N, NTK, nitrate and nitrite) except orthophosphate. Ozone-flotation, also produced the highest recovery of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins which were 0.32 ± 0.03, 0.33 ± 0.025 and 0.58 ± 0.014 mg/mg of biomass, respectively. In contrast, there was a low lipid extraction of 0.21 mg of lipids/mg of biomass and 0.12–0.23 mg of protein/mg of biomass in the coagulation-flocculation process. In terms of biomolecule recovery and water quality, ozone showed better results than coagulation-flocculation.