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Ammonium removal potential and its conversion pathways by free and immobilized Scenedesmus obliquus from wastewater

Liu, Xiang, Wang, Kaijun, Zhang, Jin, Wang, Jingyao, Wu, Juanjuan, Peng, Fei
Bioresource technology 2019 v.283 pp. 184-190
Scenedesmus obliquus, ammonium, ammonium nitrogen, arginine, cystine, gels, glutamic acid, microalgae, proline, protein synthesis, sodium alginate, wastewater
In this study, the immobilization with sodium alginate (SA) for cultivating microalgae in entrapped matrix gel beads was conducted for separating it from water. Batch experiments with a period of 5 days were carried out for free and immobilized Scenedesmus obliquus simultaneously under two trophic modes, to compare the removal performances of different initial ammonium (NH4+-N) concentrations. In both free and immobilized form, the positive C-dependent effect in mixotrophy and the negative N-dependent effect in heterotrophy were observed. And the performances of immobilized form were all superior to that of free form, which showed greater tolerance to high concentration, maximally representing 96.6 ± 0.1% removal in 50 mg/L of NH4+-N in mixotrophy. Assimilation of NH4+-N was the main removal pathway resulting the protein synthesis with the dominant component including glutamic acid (Glu), cystine (Cys), arginine (Arg) and proline (Pro). The results demonstrated a systematic understanding for NH4+-N removal in microalgae-based system.