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Spatial distribution of resistivity in the hydrogeological systems, and identification of the catchment area in the Rharb basin, Morocco

Zouhri, Lahcen, Gorini, Christian, Mania, Jacky, Deffontaines, Benoit, Zerouali, Abdel el Hak
Hydrological sciences journal 2004 v.49 no.3 pp. 387-398
aquifers, basins, coasts, geophysics, limestone, sand, sandstone, watersheds, Morocco
Geophysical results obtained in the Rharb basin, Morocco are reported. Correlations between hydrogeological well logs reveal several water-bearing Plio-Quaternary units resting on a substrate of blue marls. Geo-electrical borehole analyses were interpreted using bi-logarithmic diagrams which indicate the permeable layers of the aquifer and also its basement. Resistivity data from NE–SW and NW–SE electrical sections allow definition of the permeable/impermeable levels, and identification of ȁditchesȁ that may be favourable sectors for hydrogeological exploitation. Resistivity anomalies were investigated by analysing maps of resistivity at 400 and 1000 m AB. Anomalies identified in the Rharb basin are related to the thickening of the permeable bodies (sand, limestone, sandstone deposits). In the coastal zone (AB = 1000 m), there is a strong decrease of the resistivity gradient (35–10 Ω m), which is probably linked to marine intrusion. Electrical anomalies allow detection of the water-bearing zones notably in the western and southwestern parts of the Rharb basin.