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Analysis of the spatial variation of indoor radon concentrations (national survey in Bulgaria)

Ivanova, Kremena, Stojanovska, Zdenka, Kunovska, Bistra, Chobanova, Nina, Badulin, Viktor, Benderev, Aleksey
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.7 pp. 6971-6979
arithmetics, detectors, geology, geometry, national surveys, radon, spatial variation, Bulgaria
This paper presents the methodology and results of the national radon survey in Bulgaria and its spatial variability. The measurements were carried out in 2778 dwellings using CR-39 track detectors over two successive 9 and 3-month periods from April 2015 to March 2016. The arithmetic (AM) and geometric (GM) means of annual indoor radon concentration were 111 ± 105 Bq/m³ and 81 Bq/m³ (GSD = 2.15), respectively. The distribution of data has been accepted to be log-normal. Two hypotheses have been investigated in the paper. The first one was a spatial variation of indoor radon concentration and the second was spatiality of the factor that influences radon variation. The indoor radon concentrations in the 28 districts have been significantly different, which prove the first hypothesis. The influence of the factors, geology (geotectonic unit, type of rock, and faults distance of the measuring site), type of the region, and the presence of the basement in the building on radon spatial variation, was examined. The analyses have been shown that they significantly affect radon variations but with a relatively small contribution in comparison to the radon variation between district. Furthermore, the significance and contribution of the investigated factors were different in each district, which confirmed the second hypothesis for their spatiality.