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Low-temperature oxidation and reactivity of coal in O2/N2 and O2/CO2 atmospheres, a case of carboniferous–permian coal in Shaanxi, China

Deng, Jun, Ren, Li-Feng, Ma, Li, Qin, Xiao-Yang, Wang, Wei-Feng, Liu, Chang-Chun
Environmental earth sciences 2019 v.78 no.6 pp. 234
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, activation energy, adsorption, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, coal, combustion, cooling, endothermy, hydrocarbons, liquids, moieties, nitrogen, oxygen, oxygen consumption, temperature, China
Liquid carbon dioxide has an excellent ability of endothermic cooling and inhibition on coal fire, which was an effective coal spontaneous combustion prevention technology. To analyze the oxidation characteristics and variation of apparent activation energies, a carboniferous–permian coal sample was investigated in O₂/N₂ and O₂/CO₂ atmospheres by the coal spontaneous combustion oxidation and the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy experiments. The results indicated that with temperature, carbon monoxide (CO) concentration and oxygen (O₂) consumption rate increased. While O₂ concentration decreased, CO concentration and oxygen consumption rate reduced. At the same O₂ concentration, the oxygen consumption rate and CO concentration on the O₂/CO₂ atmospheres were less than on the O₂/N₂ atmospheres. Therefore, O₂ concentration reduced, or added CO₂ significantly inhibited coal oxidation. As the temperature elevated, the apparent activation energy gradually increased. Furthermore, the apparent activation energy increased when the oxygen concentration reduced in the physical–chemical adsorption stage and the slow oxidation stage. In the rapid oxidation stage, the apparent activation energy lessened with increase in oxygen concentration. Through correlation analysis, the key functional groups in the physical–chemical adsorption stage were hydroxyl, C–O, –COO–, and aliphatic hydrocarbons. During the slow oxidation, the key functional groups were –COO– and aliphatic hydrocarbons. The key functional groups in the rapid oxidation stage were hydroxyl and C–O.