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Plant essential oils: a substitute for conventional insecticides against Tribolium species (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)-achievements and challenges

Pandey, Abhay K., Tripathi, Swati, Singh, Pooja
Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 2018 v.51 no.13-14 pp. 696-728
Tribolium castaneum, Tribolium confusum, antifeedants, bioassays, botanical insecticides, chemical composition, essential oils, food grains, insects, larvicides, mechanism of action, pest resistance, stored grain, toxicity
The literature on efficacy of plant essential oils and their constituents for the management of Tribolium spp. (T. castaneum and T. confusum), instigating infestation of a variety of stored grains and their products is reviewed here. Both species caused significant losses in the diverse food grains and their products through infestation. Essential oils of higher plants showed potential activity in the management of these infestation driven losses. Researchers have found that essential oils and their chemical constituents have significant toxicity against both the species of Tribolium via different modes of action like repellent, insecticidal, ovicidal, larvicidal, pupicidal, ovipositional and feeding deterrent actions. Concerning repellency and in vivo bioassays, few studies have been done with the essential oils against T. confusum, thus, more investigations are required to find the repellent agents against this insect. There are some essential oil-based botanical insecticides which have been proved effective for the protection of food grains from both beetles during storage. These botanical insecticides also exhibited behaviour altering properties against both beetles, thus, reducing the problem of pest resistance which is a problem with conventional insecticides. Therefore, essential oils-based botanical insecticides may be preferred option than conventional insecticides for protecting stored grains and their products against Tribolium infestation.