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Green synthesis and in situ immobilization of gold nanoparticles and their application for the reduction of p-nitrophenol in continuous-flow mode
- Szűcs, Rózsa, Balogh-Weiser, Diána, Sánta-Bell, Evelin, Tóth-Szeles, Eszter, Varga, Tamás, Kónya, Zoltán, Poppe, László, Lagzi, István
- RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.16 pp. 9193-9197
- agarose, catalysts, gold, hydrogels, microbeads, nanogold, p-nitrophenol, porous media, solvents, stabilizers
- A green and facile method has been developed for the preparation of in situ immobilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using agarose as a reducing and stabilizing agent. The size of the synthesized AuNPs ranges between 10 and 100 nm, and their average size can be controlled by the concentrations of the agarose and gold salt. The agarose matrix as a mild and green reaction medium can provide a good dispersion environment for forming AuNPs, and the hydrogel can be well homogenized with polyacrylic macroporous microbeads as well, which can adsorb and stabilize the particles leading to the simultaneous synthesis and immobilization of AuNPs avoiding harmful inorganic compounds or organic solvents. The supported gold nanocatalyst was successfully applied as a catalyst in packed bed reactors for efficient NaBH₄-mediated reduction of p-nitrophenol in continuous-flow mode.