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A bee pupa-infilled honeycomb structure-inspired Li₂MnSiO₄ cathode for high volumetric energy density secondary batteries
- Liu, Jinyun, Lin, Xirong, Zhang, Huigang, Shen, Zihan, Lu, Qianqian, Niu, Junjie, Li, Jinjin, Braun, Paul V.
- Chemical communications 2019 v.55 no.25 pp. 3582-3585
- anodes, batteries, bees, biomimetics, cathodes, combs (social insects), electric vehicles, electrochemistry, electron transfer, energy density, lithium, manganese, mechanical properties, opal, physiological transport, porous media, pupae, silicates
- Emerging power batteries with both high volumetric energy density and fast charge/discharge kinetics are required for electric vehicles. The rapid ion/electron transport of mesostructured electrodes enables a high electrochemical activity in secondary batteries. However, the typical low fraction of active materials leads to a low volumetric energy density. Herein, we report a novel biomimetic “bee pupa infilled honeycomb”-structured 3D mesoporous cathode. We found previously the maximum active material filing fraction of an opal template before pinch-off was about 25%, whereas it could be increased to ∼90% with the bee pupa-infilled honeycomb-like architecture. Importantly, even with a high infilling fraction, fast Li⁺/e⁻ transport kinetics and robust mechanical property were achievable. As the demonstration, a bee pupa infilled honeycomb-shaped Li₂MnSiO₄/C cathode was constructed, which delivered a high volumetric energy density of 2443 W h L⁻¹. The presented biomimetic bee pupa infilled honeycomb configuration is applicable for a broad set of both cathodes and anodes in high energy density batteries.