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LBX2-AS1 is activated by ZEB1 and promotes the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by interacting with HNRNPC to enhance the stability of ZEB1 and ZEB2 mRNAs
- Zhang, Yanshan, Chen, Weizuo, Pan, Tingting, Wang, Huijuan, Zhang, Yinguo, Li, Chao
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.511 no.3 pp. 566-572
- RNA-binding proteins, antisense RNA, cell movement, epithelium, messenger RNA, metastasis, non-coding RNA, ribonucleoproteins, squamous cell carcinoma, transcription factors, zinc finger motif
- Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a group of transcripts, which can regulate the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). According to the data of TCGA, Ladybird homeobox 2 antisense RNA 1 (LBX2-AS1) is a highly expressed lncRNA in ESCC samples. Herein, we chose it for further study. Furtherly, dysregulation of LBX2-AS1 was identified in ESCC tissues with metastasis. Loss-of function assays were conducted and revealed that LBX2-AS1 knockdown suppressed ESCC cell migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) and zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 2 (ZEB2) are two EMT-related transcription factors. Since LBX2-AS1 promoted the EMT progress and simultaneously enhanced the level of ZEB1 and ZEB2, we further investigated whether LBX2-AS1 promoted cell migration and EMT in ESCC by regulating ZEB1 and ZEB2. Mechanism investigations revealed that RNA binding protein heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C (HNRNPC) could interact with LBX2-AS1, ZEB1 and ZEB2, simultaneously. The similar function of HNRNPC in regulating migration and EMT process was demonstrated. ZEB1 has been reported as a positive transcriptional regulator of lncRNA. Therefore, further mechanism analysis was made to demonstrate whether ZEB1 could regulate the transcription of LBX2-AS1. Collectively, our data showed that ZEB1-induced upregulation of LBX2-AS1 promoted cell migration and EMT process in ESCC via enhancing the stability of ZEB1 and ZEB2.