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Experimental and theoretical investigations on the interaction of l-methionine molecules with α-chymotrypsin in the aqueous solution using various methods

Asgharzadeh, Sanaz, Shareghi, Behzad, Farhadian, Sadegh
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.131 pp. 548-556
Gibbs free energy, amino acids, aqueous solutions, chymotrypsin, circular dichroism spectroscopy, computer simulation, drugs, fluorescence, metabolism, molecular dynamics, protein structure, proteins, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
l-Methionine (l-Met) is one of the necessary amino acids that play unparalleled roles, influencing both the protein structure and metabolism. Understanding the interactions between proteins and small molecules can be realized by various perspectives, and this is significant for the progression of basic sciences and drug development. In this study, the variations in the stability, function, and structure of α-Chymotrypsin (α-Chy) in the presence of l-Met were investigated using spectroscopic and computational approaches. The results of the UV–vis absorption demonstrated that α-Chy had a maximum peak at 280 nm due to the Trp residue. Hyperchromism shift was seen in the presence of l-Met. Ground state system was formed in the presence of l-Met, as confirmed by the fluorescence studies. Fluorescence variations also revealed static quenching. The CD spectra also represented the alteration of the enzyme with an increase in the α-helix and a decrease in the β-sheet. The activity of α-Chy was incremented in the presence of l-Met. Therefore, l-Met served as an activator. Molecular docking results also indicated a negative amount for the Gibbs free energy of the binding of l-Met to the enzyme. α-Chy became more stable in the presence of l-Met, based on the molecular dynamics simulation.