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Accumulation and Translocation of Toxic Heavy Metals in Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Growing in Agricultural Soil of Zhengzhou, China

Liu, W.-X., Liu, J.-W., Wu, M.-Z., Li, Y., Zhao, Y., Li, S.-R.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2009 v.82 no.3 pp. 343-347
Triticum aestivum, aerial parts, agricultural soils, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, field experimentation, heavy metals, irrigation, lead, leaves, roots, stems, toxicity, winter wheat, China
A field experiment was conducted to study the accumulation of toxic heavy metals by winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in the agricultural soil in the suburb of Zhengzhou City, China. The quantities of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Pb, As, Hg) were determined in different parts of wheat plant. The content of five toxic metals was found significantly higher in roots than in the aerial parts of wheat (stems and leaves, and grains). Additionally, wheat roots were enriched in Cd, Pb, and Hg from the soil, while Cr and As were hardly taken up by the roots. On the other hand, the winter wheat transported five toxic heavy metals very weakly from root to grain in the various irrigation regions.