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Cow manure-derived biochar: Its catalytic properties and influential factors

Qin, Jiaolong, Qian, Shiying, Chen, Qincheng, Chen, Lu, Yan, Lili, Shen, Guoqing
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.371 pp. 381-388
adsorbents, biochar, biomass, byproducts, cow manure, cows, desorption, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, headspace analysis, humidity, oxidation, physicochemical properties, pyrolysis, risk, soil fumigants, soil pollution, temperature, waste disposal
The conversion of waste biomass into biochar is considered as a waste disposal alternative, especially because biochar is a low-cost adsorbent for soil contaminants. However, a risk of desorption of contaminants from biochar may lead to secondary pollution. This study investigated the degradation behavior of soil fumigant, 1,3-dichloropropne (1,3-D), on cow manure-derived biochar (CMB) pyrolyzed at five different temperatures from 300 to 700 °C (termed as C-300 to C-700). Results showed that 1,3-D degradation rate was U-shape related to biochar pyrolysis temperature. Four degradation byproducts (NH2CH2CH2CH3OH, CH3CH2NH2, NH2COCONH2, OHCH2COOH) were identified by headspace GC–MS. When biochar humidity improved from 0 to 50% or incubation temperature increased from 20 to 40 °C, the degradation of cis-1,3-D on C-300 improved 24.26% and 35.48%, respectively. The OH concentrations, detected by the terephthalic acid method, were considerably higher for C-300 than that for C-700. Pyrolysis temperature (300–700 ° C) governed biochar physicochemical properties and further affected 1,3-D degradation mechanisms (pH-controlled substitution or OH-restricted oxidation reaction). All these findings showed that CMB can adsorb and degrade 1,3-D, thereby reduce its desorption risk, indicative of the conversion of cow manure into biochar as an effective waste management practice.