Main content area

Microbial mechanism underlying high and stable methane oxidation rates during mudflat reclamation with long-term rice cultivation: Illumina high-throughput sequencing-based data analysis

Zhang, Yang, Li, Qing, Dai, Qigen, Kang, Yijun
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.371 pp. 332-341
Archaea, Chloroflexi, Geobacter, Methylococcaceae, Methylophilaceae, Oryza sativa, bacteria, community structure, genes, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, hydrogen, methane, methanotrophs, microbial communities, nitrites, oxidation, planting, ribosomal RNA, rice, sulfates
This study aimed to determine the methane oxidation rates (MOR), pmoA gene abundance and diversity, and microbial community composition using Illumina high-throughput sequencing. Mudflats located within Yancheng City, divided into different plots with 0-, 11-, and 20-year successive rice planting histories, were selected and sampled. The study found that the relative MOR (normalized with the 16S rRNA gene) increased dramatically after 11-year cultivation and remained stable in 20-year treatment, indicating that long-term rice cultivation in mudflats promoted MOR. The sequencing data analysis revealed that high MOR was related to the synergistic growth of methane-producing archaea (MPA) and aerobic and facultative methane-consuming bacteria (MCB) mainly belonging to Proteobacteria. Redundancy and correlation analyses showed that Methylophilaceae and Methylococcaceae affiliated within β- and γ-Proteobacterial methanotrophs were closely related to the relative MOR. Methane-oxidizing archaea (MOA) coupled to sulfate and nitrite reductions contributed more to the high and stable MOR compared with Proteobacterial MCB. Chloroflexi and Geobacter were the potential hydrogen donors for hydrogenotrophic MPA. The results showed that long-term rice cultivation in mudflats promoted the relative MOR. The unknown MOA coupled to sulfate and nitrite reductions, besides the necessary hydrogenotrophic MPA and their hydrogen donors (Chloroflexi and Geobacter) collectively contributed to methane cycling.