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Enhanced Thermotolerance of E. coli by Expressed OsHsp90 from Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Liu, Dali, Lu, Zhenqiang, Mao, Zijun, Liu, Shenkui
Current microbiology 2009 v.58 no.2 pp. 129-133
Escherichia coli, Oryza sativa, bacterial proteins, denaturation, genes, glutathione transferase, heat, heat shock proteins, heat stress, heat tolerance, plasmids, rice, temperature
A gene encoding the rice (Oryza sativa L.) 90-kDa heat shock protein (OsHsp90) was introduced into Escherichia coli using the pGEX-6p-3 expression vector with a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) tag to analyze the possible function of this protein under heat stress for the first time. We compared the survivability of E. coli (BL21) cells transformed with a recombinant plasmid containing GST-OsHsp90 fusion protein with control E. coli cells transformed with the plasmid containing GST and the wild type BL21 under heat shock after isopropyl β-d-thiogalactopyranoside induction. Cells expressing GST-OsHsp90 demonstrated thermotolerance at 42, 50, and 70°C, treatments that were more harmful to cells expressing GST and the wild type. Further studies were carried out to analyze the heat-induced characteristics of OsHsp90 at 42, 50, and 70°C in vitro. When cell lysates from E. coli transformants were heated at these heat stresses, expressed GST-OsHsp90 prevented the denaturation of bacterial proteins treated with 42°C heat shocks, and partially prevented that of proteins treated at 50 and 70°C; meanwhile, cells expressing GST-OsHsp90 withstood the duration at 50°C. These results indicate that OsHsp90 functioned as a chaperone, binding to a subset of substrates, and maintained E. coli growth well at high temperatures.