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Association between miR-499 rs3746444 polymorphism and coronary heart disease susceptibility: An evidence-based meta-analysis of 5063 cases and 4603 controls
- Lu, Jun-Yu, Chen, Meng-Hua, Zhang, Jian-Feng, Li, Zheng-Zhao, Liao, Pin-Hu
- Gene 2019 v.698 pp. 34-40
- alleles, case-control studies, coronary disease, disease susceptibility, heterozygosity, homozygosity, meta-analysis, models, risk
- MicroRNA-499 (miR-499) rs3746444 polymorphism has been associated with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, results from several studies are inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to further investigate the possible association between miR-499 rs3746444 polymorphism and CHD risk. A total of 9 case-control studies included 5063 CHD cases and 4603 healthy subjects. The A allele at rs374644 was associated with significantly decreased CHD risk in the total population according to the allelic model (OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.68–0.93, P = 0.005), homozygous model (OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.39–0.71, P < 0.001) and heterozygous model (OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.43–0.77, P < 0.001). A similar trend was found specifically in Asian and Chinese populations. In contrast, the wild-type GG genotype at rs374644 was associated with significantly increased CHD risk in the total population, according to the dominant model (OR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.39–2.42, P < 0.001), and a similar trend was found in Asian and Chinese populations. These results indicate that in the total population, as well as in Asian and Chinese populations, the wild-type GG genotype at rs374644 may be related to increased susceptibility to CHD, while the A allele may be protective against CHD.