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Molecular characterization of novel sequence type of carbapenem-resistant New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in the neonatal intensive care unit of an Indian hospital

Ahmad, Nayeem, Ali, Syed M., Khan, Asad U.
International journal of antimicrobial agents 2019 v.53 no.4 pp. 525-529
Klebsiella pneumoniae, anti-infective agents, antibiotic resistance, beta-lactamase, genes, hospitals, multilocus sequence typing, multiple drug resistance, neonates, plasmids, polymerase chain reaction, public health, India
Emergence of multi-drug resistance, especially carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is a major threat to public health. The aim of this study was to characterize CRKP isolates from infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) to find the clonal outbreak of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) producers. In this study 17 CRKP isolates were analysed. Antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was determined by the disc diffusion and micro-dilution method. Carba-NP test and double-disk synergy test (DDST) were performed for the detection of carbapenemase and metallo-β-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae. Antibiotic-resistant markers were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by sequencing. Clonal relatedness of the isolates was checked by multi-locus sequence typing. Conjugation experiments were performed to determine the transferability of the plasmids. All 17 CKRP isolates were found to carry blaNDM (13 blaNDM-1, 1 blaNDM-4 and 3 blaNDM-5), seven isolates carried blaOXA-48, 13 isolates had blaCTX-M-15, seven isolates carried blaCMY-1 and five isolates were found to carry blaSHV-1 on conjugative plasmids of different types (IncFIA, IncFIB, IncFIIAs, IncFIC, IncA/C, IncF, IncK, IncX, IncW and IncY). Of six different sequence types (STs) identified, ST3344 was detected as a novel ST in two K. pneumoniae isolates. Genetic environment analysis revealed ISAba125 and bleomycin genes flanking to all blaNDM variants. This is the first report of novel ST3344 in two NDM-1-producing K. pneumoniae isolates from neonates admitted to the NICU of a North Indian Hospital. This study is provides understanding of the genetic features of this newly emerged strain type.