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Analyzing the effect of pH on microalgae adhesion by identifying the dominant interaction between cell and surface

Author:
Yuan, Hao, Zhang, Xinru, Jiang, Zeyi, Wang, Xinyu, Chen, Xuehui, Cao, Limei, Zhang, Xinxin
Source:
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.177 pp. 479-486
ISSN:
0927-7765
Subject:
Chlorella, Gibbs free energy, adhesion, algae culture, biofuels, cell adhesion, freshwater, glass, microalgae, pH, photobioreactors, poly(vinyl chloride), prediction, zeta potential
Abstract:
Microalgae adhesion plays a critical role in developing effective photobioreactors for large-scale production of microalgae biofuel. This study focused on elucidating the influencing mechanism of liquid medium pH on microalgae adhesion by identifying the dominant interactions between cell and substratum using a criterion. Herein, the adhesion of three microalgae onto two substrata at a series of pH was observed using a flow chamber. The results indicated that the adhesion of freshwater Chlorella sp. onto PVC and glass and marine Chlorella sp. and N. oculata onto glass decreased with increasing pH, because these adhesions were dominated by the EL interaction, and the pH would influence the adhesion primarily by affecting the ζ potential of the cell and substratum. Whereas, the adhesion of marine Chlorella sp. and N. oculata onto PVC increased with increasing pH, because these adhesions were dominated by Lewis acid-base (AB) interaction, and the pH would influence the adhesion primarily by affecting the components of surface free energy of cell. The study demonstrated that the influencing mechanism of pH on adhesion can be conclusively elucidated by identifying the dominant interaction between the cell and the surface, and may have significant implications for predicting cell adhesion in various applications.
Agid:
6346560