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Improving osteogenesis of calcium phosphate bone cement by incorporating with lysine: An in vitro study
- Shi, Haishan, Ye, Xiaoling, He, Fupo, Ye, Jiandong
- Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.177 pp. 462-469
- adhesion, adsorption, bone formation, calcium phosphates, cement, compression strength, fibronectins, in vitro studies, lysine, mesenchymal stromal cells, orthopedics, physicochemical properties, porosity, surgeons
- Calcium phosphate bone cement (CPC) has attracted extensive interests from surgeons and material scientists. However, its actual application is still limited because of its poor osteogenesis. In this work, lysine, one of the essential components of proteins, was incorporated into the CPC to improve its osteogenesis ability. Effects of lysine on the phase, morphology, physicochemical properties, protein adsorption, lysine release and cytocompatibility of CPC were investigated. Results showed that lysine had no significant influence on the phase and morphology of the hydrated cements, but evidently raised the compressive strength, apparent porosity and setting time of the cements in a content-dependent manner of lysine. In contrast to the control, the lysine-incorporated CPCs had notably enhanced in vitro osteogenesis capability. It was supposed to be synergistically attributed to the improvements of fibronectin (FN) anchoring and bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) adhesion on the hydrated cements as well as the sustained release of bioactive amino acid molecules. Hence, lysine was expected to be applied as a novel bioactive admixture in the development of CPC with the improved osteogenesis ability and physicochemical properties for numerous orthopedic applications.