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Development of Cu nanoflowers modified the flexible needle-type microelectrode and its application in continuous monitoring glucose in vivo

Fang, Yuxin, Wang, Shenjun, Liu, Yangyang, Xu, Zhifang, Zhang, Kuo, Guo, Yi
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2018 v.110 pp. 44-51
biosensors, blood glucose, coatings, copper nanoparticles, diabetes, disease control, electrodes, glucose, glucose oxidase, monitoring, nanoflowers, polyurethanes, rats, surface area
A minimally invasive glucose microbiosensor based the flexibly integrated electrode for continuous monitoring glucose in vivo has been developed in this study. This was achieved by coating needle-type microelectrode with Cu nanoflowers, nafion, glucose oxidase (GOD) and polyurethane (PU) membranes, successfully prepared with layer-by-layer deposition. The Cu nanomaterials provided a large specific surface area and electrocatalytic activity for glucose detection. The PU layers as mass-transport limiting membranes significantly enhanced the linearity and stability of sensors. The resulting biosensor exhibited a wide linear range of 0–20 mM, with a good sensitivity of 42.38 nA mM−1 (correlation coefficient r2 was 0.99) and a fast response time of less than 15 s. In vivo implantable experiments using anesthetized rats showed excellent real-time response to the variation of blood glucose concentration. And the variation tendency of sensor output was consistent with that using the glucose meter. Overall, the results supported the suitability of this microsensor for measuring rapid changes of glucose in vivo. This work offers a promising approach in implantable device applications related to diabetes management as well as other medical diagnosis.