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A novel ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence biosensor for glutathione detection based on poly-L-lysine as co-reactant and graphene-based poly(luminol/aniline) as nanoprobes

Wang, Caixia, Chen, Liming, Wang, Peijin, Li, Mengsi, Liu, Defang
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.133 pp. 154-159
aniline, biosensors, blood serum, electrochemiluminescence, glutathione, graphene, graphene oxide, humans, immunoassays, nanorods
In this work, an ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor was constructed using poly-L-lysine (PLL) as a novel co-reactant of luminol and poly(luminol/aniline) nanorods loaded reduced graphene oxide (PLA@rGO) as nanoprobe, which enable highly sensitivity detection of glutathione (GSH). To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that PLL was used for the co-reactant of luminol. Notably, about a 5-fold enhancement was obtained compared with the individual PLA@rGO using GCE. Due to the remarkable quenching effect between the excited state of PLL and the reduced form of GSH in the ECL system of luminol/PLL, the ECL sensing platform exhibited wide linear ranges of 1.0 × 10−9–1.0 × 10−4 M and 1.0 × 10−4–1.0 × 10−2 M and a low detection limit of 7.7 × 10−10 M. Simultaneously, the biosensor was also successfully applied to detect GSH in human serum sample with high recoveries. Hence, this work would open a new platform for the wide application of PLL in immunoassay and various sensors.