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ImmunoSERS microscopy for the detection of smooth muscle cells in atherosclerotic plaques
- Wiercigroch, Ewelina, Stepula, Elzbieta, Mateuszuk, Lukasz, Zhang, Yuying, Baranska, Malgorzata, Chlopicki, Stefan, Schlücker, Sebastian, Malek, Kamilla
- Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.133 pp. 79-85
- Raman imaging, actin, antibodies, atherosclerosis, biosensors, fluorescent antibody technique, microscopy, muscles, myocytes, smooth muscle, staining
- We investigated the suitability of immuno-SERS (iSERS) microscopy for imaging of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in atherosclerotic plaques. Localization of SMCs is achieved by using SERS-labelled antibodies direct against alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA). The staining quality of the false-colour iSERS images obtained by confocal Raman microscopy with point mapping is compared with wide-field immunofluorescence images. Both direct (labelled primary antibody) and indirect iSERS staining (unlabelled primary and labelled secondary antibody) techniques were employed. Direct iSERS staining yields results comparable to indirect IF staining, demonstrating the suitability of iSERS in research on atherosclerosis and paving the way for future multiplexed imaging experiments.