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Immunohistochemical localization of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in the sheep ovary and the synergistic effect of IGF-1 and FSH on follicular development in vitro and LH receptor immunostaining
- Monte, A.P.O., Barros, V.R.P., Santos, J.M., Menezes, V.G., Cavalcante, A.Y.P., Gouveia, B.B., Bezerra, M.E.S., Macedo, T.J.S., Matos, M.H.T.
- Theriogenology 2019 v.129 pp. 61-69
- follicle-stimulating hormone, follicular development, glutathione, granulosa cells, immunohistochemistry, insulin-like growth factor I, luteinizing hormone receptors, mitochondria, oocytes, reactive oxygen species, sheep, synergism, viability
- This study analyzed IGF-1 protein immunostaining in sheep ovaries, the effect of IGF-1 alone or associated with FSH on the culture of secondary follicles, and the immunostaining of LHR protein in antral follicles before and after culture. Ovaries were collected for IGF-1 protein analysis. In experiment 1, secondary follicles were cultured in α-MEM+ (control) or α-MEM+ supplemented with IGF-1 (10, 50 or 100 ng/mL). In experiment 2, follicles were cultured in the same media of experiment 1 plus 750 ng/mL FSH. Moreover, LHR immunostaining was analyzed in fresh antral follicles and after culture in 50 ng/mL IGF-1 + FSH. The IGF-1 protein was immunolocalized in oocytes from all stages of follicle development and in the granulosa cells from secondary and antral follicles. IGF-1 did not influence (P > 0.05) follicular viability and growth (experiment 1). However, in experiment 2, 50 ng/mL IGF-1 + FSH stimulated oocyte growth (P < 0.05) and LHR immunostaining in antral follicles. Control medium, 10 or 50 ng/mL IGF-1 + FSH showed similar levels of reactive oxygen species, glutathione and active mitochondria (P > 0.05). In conclusion, the IGF-1 protein is present in all ovarian follicle stages in sheep. Moreover, the association between 50 ng/mL IGF-1 and FSH has a synergistic effect in vitro, increasing the percentage of fully grown oocytes and the intensity of immunostaining of LHR protein in oocytes and granulosa cells of cultured antral follicles.