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Genotypes and subtypes of Cryptosporidium spp. in diarrheic lambs and goat kids in northern Greece
- Papanikolopoulou, Vasiliki, Baroudi, Djamel, Guo, Yaqiong, Wang, Yuanfei, Papadopoulos, Elias, Lafi, Shwakat Q., Abd El-Tawab, Mohamed M., Diakou, Anastasia, Giadinis, Nektarios D., Feng, Yaoyu, Xiao, Lihua
- Parasitology international 2018 v.67 no.4 pp. 472-475
- Cryptosporidium parvum, cryptosporidiosis, epidemiology, farms, feces, genes, genotype, genotyping, glycoproteins, humans, kids (goats), lambs, microscopy, polymerase chain reaction, restriction fragment length polymorphism, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, Greece
- Inconsistent data exist on the distribution of zoonotic Cryptosporidium species and subtypes in sheep and goats in European countries, and few such data are available from Greece. In this study, 280 fecal specimens were collected from 132 diarrheic lambs and 148 diarrheic goat kids aged 4 to 15 days on 15 farms in northern Greece, and examined for Cryptosporidium spp. using microscopy of Ziehl-Neelsen-stained fecal smears. Cryptosporidium spp. in 80 microscopy-positive fecal specimens (39 from lambs and 41 from goat kids) were genotyped by PCR-RFLP analysis of the small subunit rRNA gene and subtyped by sequence analysis the 60 kDa glycoprotein gene. Among the 33 specimens successfully genotyped, C. parvum was found in 32 and C. xiaoi in one. Seven subtypes belonging to two subtype families (IIa and IId) were identified among the 29 C. parvum specimens successfully subtyped, including IIaA14G2R1 (1/29), IIaA15G2R1 (6/29), IIaA20G1R1 (7/29), IIdA14G2 (1/29), IIdA15G1 (9/29), IIdA16G1 (3/29), and IIdA23G1 (2/29). Lambs were more commonly infected with C. parvum IIa subtypes, whereas goat kids were more with IId subtypes. The results illustrate that C. parvum is prevalent in diarrheic lambs and goat kids in northern Greece and these animals could potentially play a role in epidemiology of human cryptosporidiosis.