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Capillary Stress and Structural Relaxation in Moist Granular Materials
- Zhou, Tingtao, Ioannidou, Katerina, Masoero, Enrico, Mirzadeh, Mohammad, Pellenq, Roland J.-M., Bazant, Martin Z.
- Langmuir 2019 v.35 no.12 pp. 4397-4402
- cement, durability, evaporation, mathematical models, porous media, sorption
- A numerical and theoretical framework to address the poromechanical effect of capillary stress in complex mesoporous materials is proposed and exemplified for water sorption in cement. We first predict the capillary condensation/evaporation isotherm using lattice-gas simulations in a realistic nanogranular cement model. A phase-field model to calculate moisture-induced capillary stress is then introduced and applied to cement at different water contents. We show that capillary stress is an effective mechanism for eigenstress relaxation in granular heterogeneous porous media, which contributes to the durability of cement.