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Dopamine stimulates differentiation and migration of cortical interneurons

Ohira, Koji
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.512 no.3 pp. 577-583
axons, calbindin, cerebral cortex, dopamine, immunohistochemistry, interneurons, neurotrophins, tyrosine 3-monooxygenase
Cortical GABAergic interneurons originate and migrate tangentially from the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE), but its mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we show that dopamine (DA) stimulates the differentiation and migration of cortical interneurons derived from MGE cells. Using immunohistochemistry for the DA marker, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), TH positive axons enter the MGE by E12.5. In E11.5 MGE primary cultures, DA enhances the expression of cortical interneuron marker proteins, such as GAD67 and neuropilin1, via D1 receptor, and also up-regulates D2 receptor. In E14.5 organotypic slice cultures, the migration of MGE cells is occurred in a D2 receptor-dependent manner, whose stimulation increased the synthesis of neurotrophins, in E11.5 MGE primary cultures. Furthermore, TH neurons-depletion by 6-hydroxydopamine treatments led to a significant reduction of cortical calbindin positive cells in the cerebral cortex, compared with the controls. Therefore, these results suggest that DA can stimulate the differentiation and migration of cortical interneurons.