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A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase 17 is required for ILC2 responses to IL-33

Lownik, Joseph C., Conrad, Daniel H., Martin, Rebecca K.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.512 no.4 pp. 723-728
immune response, interleukin-5, lymphocytes, metalloproteinases, protein content
Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) play an important role in the initiation of type-2 immune responses. Numerous targets have been identified that may activate or repress ILC2 function, though few negative regulatory feedback pathways induced upon activation have been shown to be operative in ILC2s. Here we demonstrate that loss of ADAM17 from ILC2s results in a selective defect in IL-33 responsiveness, but not IL-25 responsiveness. We find that IL1R2 is significantly upregulated at both the transcript and protein level in IL-33 activated ILC2s. We are also able to demonstrate that ADAM17 regulates IL1R2 levels on ILC2s in both a constitutive and activation induced manner. Additionally, IL1R2+ ILC2s, a unique subset of ILC2s, have decreased Il5 and Il13 transcripts following IL-33 stimulation. Overall, these data suggest that the expression of IL1R2 may act as an activation-induced negative regulatory feedback mechanism to decrease ILC2 responsiveness to IL-33.