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Validation of a gold standard method for iodine quantification in raw and processed milk, and its variation in different dairy species
- Niero, G., Franzoi, M., Vigolo, V., Penasa, M., Cassandro, M., Boselli, C., Giangolini, G., De Marchi, M.
- Journal of dairy science 2019 v.102 no.6 pp. 4808-4815
- adults, ammonia, analytical methods, ass milk, buffaloes, goat milk, goats, goiter, humans, infants, iodine, lactating women, lactation, milk, milk consumption, pasteurized milk, raw meat, raw milk, sheep, spectrometers, standard deviation
- Adequate milk consumption significantly contributes to meeting the human iodine recommended daily intake, which ranges from 70 µg/d for infants to 200 µg/d for lactating women. The fulfilment of iodine recommended daily intake is fundamental to prevent serious clinical diseases such as cretinism in infants and goiter in adults. In the present study iodine content was measured in raw and processed commercial cow milk, as well as in raw buffalo, goat, sheep, and donkey milk. Iodine extraction was based on 0.6% (vol/vol) ammonia, whereas iodine detection and quantification were carried out through an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer analyzer. Among processed commercial cow milk, partially skimmed pasteurized milk had the greatest iodine content (359.42 µg/kg) and raw milk the lowest (166.92 µg/kg). With regard to the other dairy species, the greatest iodine content was found in raw goat milk (575.42 µg/kg), followed by raw buffalo (229.82 µg/kg), sheep (192.64 µg/kg), and donkey milk (7.06 µg/kg). Repeatability of milk iodine content, calculated as relative standard deviation of 5 measurements within a day or operator, ranged from 0.96 to 1.84% and 0.72 to 1.16%, respectively. The overall reproducibility of milk iodine content, calculated as relative standard deviation of 45 measurements across 3 d of analyses and 3 operators, was 4.01%. These results underline the precision of the proposed analytical method for the determination of iodine content in milk.