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A comparative assessment of flood susceptibility modeling using Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Analysis and Machine Learning Methods

Khosravi, Khabat, Shahabi, Himan, Pham, Binh Thai, Adamowski, Jan, Shirzadi, Ataollah, Pradhan, Biswajeet, Dou, Jie, Ly, Hai-Bang, Gróf, Gyula, Ho, Huu Loc, Hong, Haoyuan, Chapi, Kamran, Prakash, Indra
Journal of hydrology 2019 v.573 pp. 311-323
altitude, artificial intelligence, floods, graphs, humans, land use, models, multi-criteria decision making, normalized difference vegetation index, planning, prediction, rain, rivers, soil types, streams, watersheds, China
Floods around the world are having devastating effects on human life and property. In this paper, three Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) analysis techniques (VIKOR, TOPSIS and SAW), along with two machine learning methods (NBT and NB), were tested for their ability to model flood susceptibility in one of China’s most flood-prone areas, the Ningdu Catchment. Twelve flood conditioning factors were used as input parameters: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), lithology, land use, distance from river, curvature, altitude, Stream Transport Index (STI), Topographic Wetness Index (TWI), Stream Power Index (SPI), soil type, slope and rainfall. The predictive capacity of the models was evaluated and validated using the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC). While all models showed a strong flood prediction capability (AUC > 0.95), the NBT model performed best (AUC = 0.98), suggesting that, among the models studied, the NBT model is a promising tool for the assessment of flood-prone areas and can allow for proper planning and management of flood hazards.