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Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes in an acidified low-fat mayonnaise based hibachi sauce

Hwang, Daizy, White, Elizabeth, Purohit, Anuj, Mohan, Anand, Mishra, Abhinav
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2019 v.108 pp. 297-300
Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, acidification, acidulants, antimicrobial properties, bacteria, food safety, lactic acid, mayonnaise, pathogens, sauces, storage temperature, virulent strains
Survival of pathogenic bacteria under acidic conditions may pose a significant food safety challenge and should be assessed when developing new food products. The objective of this study was to determine the antimicrobial effect of two acidulants against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes in a low-fat mayonnaise based hibachi sauce subjected to different preparation and storage conditions. A mixture of seasoning and acidulants was heated to 82.2 °C and cooled. This was combined with a low-fat mayonnaise and acidified with either 0.25 g lactic acid/100 g sauce, 0.25 g, or 0.5 g vinegar/100 g sauce. The sauce was then inoculated with L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 at the levels of ca. 6 log CFU/g each, and stored at 4 or 23 °C. Both pathogens survived longer at 4 than at 23 °C (P < 0.001). Acidulant significantly affected survival of both bacteria (P < 0.001) with the order of average antimicrobial efficacy being 0.25 and 0.5 g lactic acid/100 g sauce > 0.5 g vinegar/100 g sauce > unacidified control. At 23 °C, populations of both bacteria decreased by at least 4 log CFU/g after 72 h of storage in formulations containing 0.25 g lactic acid/100 g sauce. Acidification with lactic acid can improve food safety of mayonnaise based sauces in case of post processing contamination.