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Development of a novel RSIVD-resistant strain of red sea bream (Pagrus major) by marker-assisted selection combined with DNA-based family selection

Sawayama, Eitaro, Kitamura, Shin-Ichi, Nakayama, Kei, Ohta, Kohei, Okamoto, Hiroyuki, Ozaki, Akiyuki, Takagi, Motohiro
Aquaculture 2019 v.506 pp. 188-192
DNA, Pagrus major, alleles, aquaculture, farms, field experimentation, fingerlings, genotype, inheritance (genetics), males, marker-assisted selection, microsatellite repeats, parentage, progeny, quantitative trait loci, rearing, summer, survival rate
We developed a novel strain of red sea bream Pagrus major that showed resistance to red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) using marker-assisted selection combined with DNA-based family selection and evaluated survival of its G2 in a farm environment. The G1 population was derived from a single RSIVD-resistant male (G0). The G1 progeny of the resistant male were identified by DNA parentage analysis using microsatellites. Marker-assisted selection using a quantitative trait locus linked to the RSIVD-resistant trait (Pma4_014) was conducted, and individuals inheriting the resistant allele of Pma4_014 (+) were selected. Two G2 populations were produced in 2016 and 2017, and reared for approximately three months, during the summer, at an aquaculture facility. A normal production cohort was also reared at the same farm in 2016 and survival compared. Survival rates of the G2 populations produced in 2016 and 2017 were 78.8% and 83.5%, respectively. The survival rate of the 2016 normal production cohort was 63.8%. The segregation pattern of the resistant allele showed 1 (+/+): 2 (+/−): 1 (−/−) in G2, and genotype frequency of Pma4_014 was calculated using approximately 200 individuals collected from 2016 and 2017 G2 populations before and after the field trial. Numbers of each genotype were estimated based on the number of introduced and surviving fish. Individuals with the resistant allele, (+/+) and (+/−), showed over 80% of the estimated survival rates, but individuals without the resistant allele (−/−) showed lower survival (50%) in both years. This result strongly suggests that the resistant allele dominantly affects RSIVD resistance, and the newly developed G2 population is useful for further propagation of RSIVD-resistant red sea bream fingerlings.