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Copper and zinc in rhizospheric soil of wild plants growing in long-term acid vineyard soils. Insights on availability and metal remediation

Campillo-Cora, C., Fernández-Calviño, D., Pérez-Rodríguez, P., Fernández-Sanjurjo, M.J., Núñez-Delgado, A., Álvarez-Rodríguez, E., Arias-Estévez, M., Nóvoa-Muñoz, J.C.
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.672 pp. 389-399
aboveground biomass, bioaccumulation factor, copper, phytomass, phytoremediation, rhizosphere, vineyard soils, wild plants, zinc
Total and available Cu and Zn levels were assessed in plant biomass, as well as in two rhizosphere fractions (tightly adhering rhizosphere (TAR), and loosely adhering rhizosphere (LAR)), in wild plants species from vineyard soils. Both TAR and LAR fractions were enriched in total Cu and Zn (1.7 and 1.6 times, respectively), and in available Cu and Zn (2.2 and 19.5 times, respectively), with the former being significantly higher for TAR than for LAR fractions. Mean values for total Cu accumulation in root and aerial biomass of the studied wild plants were 84 and 66 mg kg−1, respectively, being 57 and 79 mg kg−1 for Zn. No correlations were found among metal contents in plant biomass and available Cu and Zn concentrations in the rhizosphere fractions. Translocation factor (TF) values for Zn (range 1.0–3.5) indicate preferential accumulation in the aerial biomass in all the studied wild plants. On the contrary, TF for Cu shows a greater variability, depending on plant species, and ranging from 0.2 to 5.9. Regarding bioaccumulation factor (BAF), ranges were 0.03–0.27 and 0.13–0.58, for Cu and Zn, respectively. Results suggest that D. sanguinalis, P. hieracioides, S. viridis, and T. barbata could be useful for Cu remediation in the studied soils, by means of phytostabilization processes.