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Graphene and its derivatives for Analytical Lab on Chip platforms
- Sengupta, Joydip, Hussain, Chaudhery Mustansar
- Trends in analytical chemistry 2019 v.114 pp. 326-337
- electrochemistry, graphene, mechanical properties, point-of-care systems
- Since last decade, graphene has materialized itself as one of the phenomenal materials to modern researchers because of its remarkable thermal, optical, electronic, and mechanical properties. Graphene holds enormous potentials for lab on chip (LOC) devices and can provide diverse fabrication routes and structural features due to their special electronic and electrochemical properties. A LOC device can manipulate fluids using microchannels and chamber structures, to accomplish fast, highly sensitive and inexpensive analysis with high yield. Hence, the graphene based LOC devices can constitute a well-controlled microenvironment for both advanced chemical/biological evaluation and low-cost point-of-care analysis etc. This review critically debates the graphene as a prime candidate for microfluidic devices and their future applicability towards various practical applications. Finally, the opportunities and challenges for the future of graphene with respect to their commercial challenges and sustainability perspectives are discussed.