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Development of vaccines against African swine fever virus
- Sánchez, Elena G., Pérez-Núñez, Daniel, Revilla, Yolanda
- Virus research 2019 v.265 pp. 150-155
- African swine fever virus, disease transmission, pandemic, pork industry, slaughter, vaccine development, vaccines, wild boars, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Caucasus region, Central European region, China, Czech Republic, Eastern European region, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine
- An outbreak in the Caucasus in 2007 initiated the spread of ASFV through Russia and Eastern Europe, subsequently affecting Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, the Baltic States, the Czech Republic, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria. The declaration of outbreaks in China and Central Europe in August 2018, definitely confirms the serious threat that the extension of ASF represents for the global swine industry and the environment. Despite the efforts of several groups to generate a vaccine against ASFV, currently only control and eradication measures are available based mainly on the early detection and implementation of strict sanitary procedures, including the mass slaughter of animals, both domestic and wild boar. However, the rapid spread of the disease shows that these actions are clearly insufficient to control the current pandemic situation, and the development of a vaccine is urgently required.