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First identification of a novel parvovirus distantly related to human bufavirus from diarrheal dogs in China

Sun, Wenchao, Zhang, Shiheng, Huang, Haixin, Wang, Wei, Cao, Liang, Zheng, Min, Yin, Yanwen, Zhang, Hongyun, Lu, Huijun, Jin, Ningyi
Virus research 2019 v.265 pp. 127-131
Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, blood serum, children, diarrhea, dogs, epidemiology, feces, genetic variation, nose, phylogeny, sequence analysis, viruses, China, Italy
Bufaviruses are small, nonenveloped, single-stranded DNA viruses belonging to the subfamily Parvovirinae. Human bufaviruses were first identified in 2012 in fecal samples from children with diarrhea. A new parvovirus of canines that was first detected in various samples from dogs with enteric and respiratory symptoms in Italy between 2014 and 2018 is closely related to the newly described human bufavirus. To explore the prevalence and genetic diversity of CBuV in Chinese dogs, 540 canine parvovirus (CPV)-positive serum and diarrhea samples were collected in Guangxi Province between 2016 and 2018. Among the samples, 6.25% (5/80) of rectal swabs and 2.5% (5/200) of CPV PCR-positive samples were positive for CBuV. However, the virus was not detected in CPV PCR-negative samples or nasal swabs. Two CBuV isolates were identified from CPV-positive fecal and serum samples by complete sequence analysis, with 99.8%–99.9% NS1 and VP2 protein identity to each another. Sequence analysis indicated that the CBuV GXNN01-2018 isolate VP2 protein shares 99.6% identity with the Italian CBuV ITA/2015/297 isolate and 62.3%–65.5% identity with human bufavirus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CBuV was significantly distinct from other known bufaviruses and was most closely related to CBuV ITA/2015/297. This is the first report of the existence of CBuV in China, and our findings will strengthen the understanding of the epidemiology of bufaviruses in different animals.