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Selenium induces changes of rhizosphere bacterial characteristics and enzyme activities affecting chromium/selenium uptake by pak choi (Brassica campestris L. ssp. Chinensis Makino) in chromium contaminated soil

Cai, Miaomiao, Hu, Chengxiao, Wang, Xu, Zhao, Yuanyuan, Jia, Wei, Sun, Xuecheng, Elyamine, Ali Mohamed, Zhao, Xiaohu
Environmental pollution 2019 v.249 pp. 716-727
Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis, Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera, antagonism, bacterial communities, bioavailability, chromium, enzyme activity, enzymes, metabolism, oxidation, plant growth, plant tissues, polluted soils, rhizosphere, selenium, soil enzymes, soil pH
Understanding the chemical response and characteristics of bacterial communities in soil is critical to evaluate the effects of selenium (Se) supplement on plant growth and chromium (Cr)/Se uptake in Cr contaminated soil. The rhizosphere soil characteristics of pak choi (Brassica campestris L. ssp. Chinensis Makino) were investigated in soil contaminated with different levels and forms of Cr when supplemented with Se. Although inhibition of plant growth caused by Cr stress was not completely alleviated by Se, Cr content in plant tissues decreased in Cr(VI)120Se5 treatment (Cr(VI): 120 mg kg−1 soil; Se: 5 mg kg−1 soil) and its bioavailability in soil decreased in Cr(III)200Se5 (Cr(III): 200 mg kg−1 soil; Se: 5 mg kg−1 soil) treatment. Moreover, antagonism of Cr and Se on soil enzyme activities and bacterial communities were revealed. Notably, results of Cr(VI) reduction and Se metabolism functional profiles confirmed that bacterial communities play a critical role in regulating Cr/Se bioavailability. Additionally, the increases of Se bioavailability in Cr contaminated soil were ascribed to oxidation of Cr(VI) and reduction of Se reductases proportions, as well as the enhancing of pH in soil. These findings reveal that Se has the potential capacity to sustain the stability of microdomain in Cr contaminated soil.