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An ionic liquid functionalized polymer for simultaneous removal of four phenolic pollutants in real environmental samples

Zhu, Guifen, Cheng, Guohao, Lu, Tong, Cao, Zhiguo, Wang, Lifang, Li, Qianjin, Fan, Jing
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.373 pp. 347-358
2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,4-dinitrophenol, adsorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, bisphenol A, ionic liquids, models, nitrophenols, pH, pollutants, polymers, silica, soil sampling, sorption isotherms, surface area, temperature, wastewater
An ionic liquid functionalized polymer (IL-P) was prepared feasibly and simply by grafting1-butyl-3-vinylimidazolium bromide onto the silica surface. The IL-P was fully characterized, and the results showed that IL-P has a rough surface with a lower specific surface area (205.49 m2 g−1), and the involvement of ionic liquid significantly improved the adsorption performance of IL-P. The pH, initial concentration, adsorption time and temperature were investigated to discuss the adsorption behaviors of IL-P in aqueous solution. The adsorption process of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP), bisphenol A (BPA) and 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) onto IL-P better fitted the pseudo-second-order model, while that of 2-isonaphthol (2-NP) followed the pseudo-first-order model. The adsorption behaviors of IL-P towards 2,4-DCP and 2,4-DNP fitted well with Liu isotherm model, and that of BPA and 2-NP can be described by Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacities of 2,4-DCP, BPA, 2,4-DNP and 2-NP bound on IL-P was 239.7, 68.39, 56.86 and 64.28 mg g-1, respectively, and the adsorption of IL-P is a spontaneous physical process. Comparing with other adsorbent, the as-prepared IL-P showed excellent recognition ability towards the phenolic compounds and can be applied to adsorb and remove trace 2,4-DCP, 2-NP, 2,4-DNP and BPA simultaneously in complicated wastewater and soil samples.