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In-vitro adsorption and sieving coefficient of ticarcillin-clavulanate during continuous haemofiltration

T.P. Wan, Winnie, Guerra Valero, Yarmarly, Choi, Gordon Y.S., Ordóñez Mejia, Jenny L., Wallis, Steven C., Joynt, Gavin M., Lipman, Jeffrey, Gomersall, Charles D., Roberts, Jason A.
International journal of antimicrobial agents 2019 v.54 no.2 pp. 261-264
adsorption, albumins, dose response, filters, models, patients, pharmacokinetics, polyacrylonitrile, sieving, ticarcillin
There are very limited data on ticarcillin-clavulanate elimination by haemofiltration. We measured in vitro ticarcillin-clavulanate adsorption to polyacrylonitrile (PAN) filters and the sieving coefficient using a well-described bench model of haemofiltration. The dose of ticarcillin-clavulanate was 60/2 mg or 180/3 mg, and 0 or 12 g albumin was added to the 1 L of circulating blood-crystalloid mixture to produce four different experimental conditions. The experiment was repeated four times under each condition. Median (interquartile range [IQR]) ticarcillin adsorption varied from 28 (27-30) mg to 85 (78-90) mg. Adsorption was increased when the dose of ticarcillin was higher (P<0.001), but was not affected by the addition of albumin. Median (IQR) adsorption of clavulanate ranged from 0.67 (0.55-0.75) mg to 1.8 (0.33-3.5) mg and was neither dose dependent (P = 0.505) nor significantly affected by the addition of albumin. Median (IQR) ticarcillin sieving coefficient ranged from 0.73 (0.67-0.75) to 0.99 (0.97-1.03). It was significantly higher with a higher dose of ticarcillin (P = 0.021) and without addition of albumin (P = 0.015). Median (IQR) clavulanate sieving coefficient ranged from 1.03 (1.00-2.24) to 2.0 (1.98-2.47). Clavulanate sieving coefficient was not significantly affected by dose or the addition of albumin.These data indicate that significant adsorption of both ticarcillin and clavulanate occurs in vitro; however, this requires confirmation by clinical pharmacokinetic studies. The sieving coefficient data may help guide appropriate dosing of critically ill patients receiving haemofiltration until more extensive clinical pharmacokinetic data are available.