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Coating of cobalt chrome substrates with thin films of polar/hydrophobic/ionic polyurethanes: Characterization and interaction with human immunoglobulin G and fibronectin

Gossart, Audrey, Gand, Adeline, Ollivier, Véronique, Boissière, Michel, Santerre, J. Paul, Letourneur, Didier, Pauthe, Emmanuel
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.179 pp. 114-120
adsorption, amino acid sequences, bioactive properties, biocompatible materials, blood coagulation, coagulation, coatings, cobalt, fibronectins, humans, hydrophobicity, immunoglobulin G, inflammation, polyurethanes, tetrahydrofuran
Biomaterial implants often lead to specific tissue reactions that could compromise their bio-integration and/or optimal cellular interactions. Polyurethanes (PU) are of particular interest as coatings to mask CoCr’s bioactivity, since they are generally more biocompatible than metal substrates, present a broad range of chemistry, and have highly tunable-mechanical properties. In the current work, complex polyvinyl-urethanes (referred to as D-PHI materials) are studied for their surface phase structures: specifically, an original D-PHI polymer (O-D-PHI) and a differential formulation with relatively higher hydrophobic and ionic content (HHHI) are of interest. The PUs are diluted in tetrahydrofuran (THF) to generate thin films which differentially influence the physical and chemical properties of the D-PHI coatings. AFM images over time show the gradual appearance of domains exhibiting crystalline organisation, and whose shape and size were dependent on D-PHI thickness (thin films vs non-solvent cast resin materials). After three weeks, a complete stabilization of the crystal state is observed. The thin coatings are stable in an aqueous and 37 °C environment. The adsorption of two human plasmatic proteins Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and Fibronectin (Fn), involved in inflammation and coagulation, was studied. The exposure of specific protein sequences (IgG-Fab, Fn-Cell Binding Domain and Fn-N-terminal domain) were dramatically reduced on both D-PHI materials when compared to bare metal CoCr. The implications of these findings would be relevant to defining coating strategies used to improve the blood clotting and immune cell reactivity to CoCr implant materials.