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Glucose dehydrogenase gene containing phosphobacteria for biofortification of Phosphorus with growth promotion of rice

Rasul, Maria, Yasmin, Sumera, Suleman, M., Zaheer, Ahmad, Reitz, Thomas, Tarkka, Mika T., Islam, Ejazul, Mirza, M. Sajjad
Microbiological research 2019 v.223-225 pp. 1-12
Acinetobacter, Oryza sativa, Pseudomonas, agricultural soils, bioaugmentation, biofortification, enzymes, genes, gluconic acid, glucose, grain yield, growth promotion, mineral fertilizers, pH, phosphorus, phytic acid, polymerase chain reaction, principal component analysis, rhizosphere bacteria, rice, solubilization, tricalcium phosphate, Pakistan
Phosphorus (P) is an essential plant nutrient, but often limited in soils for plant uptake. A major economic constraint in the rice production is excessive use of chemical fertilizers to meet the P requirement. Bioaugmentation of phosphate solubilizing rhizobacteria (PSB) can be used as promising alternative. In the present study 11 mineral PSB were isolated from Basmati rice growing areas of Pakistan. In broth medium, PSB solubilized tricalcium phosphate (27–354 μg mL−1) with concomitant decrease in pH up to 3.6 due to the production of different organic acids, predominantly gluconic acid. Of these, 4 strains also have ability to mineralize phytate (245–412 μg mL−1). Principle component analysis showed that the gluconic acid producing PSB strains (Acinetobacter sp. MR5 and Pseudomonas sp. MR7) have pronounced effect on grain yield (up to 55%), plant P (up to 67%) and soil available P (up to 67%), with 20% reduced fertilization. For simultaneous validation of gluconic acid production by MR5 and MR7 through PCR, new specific primers were designed to amplify gcd, pqqE, pqqC genes responsible for glucose dehydrogenase (gcd) mediated phosphate solubilization. These findings for the first time demonstrated Acinetobacter soli as potent P solubilizer for rice and expands our knowledge about genus specific pqq and gcd primers. These two gcd containing PSB Acinetobacter sp. MR5 (DSM 106631) and Pseudomonas sp. MR7 (DSM 106634) submitted to German culture collection (DSMZ), serve as global valuable pool to significantly increase the P uptake, growth and yield of Basmati rice with decreased dependence on chemical fertilizer in P deficit agricultural soils.