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Anaerobic digestion of hydrothermally-pretreated lignocellulosic biomass: Influence of pretreatment temperatures, inhibitors and soluble organics on methane yield
- Phuttaro, Chettaphong, Sawatdeenarunat, Chayanon, Surendra, K.C., Boonsawang, Piyarat, Chaiprapat, Sumate, Khanal, Samir Kumar
- Bioresource technology 2019 v.284 pp. 128-138
- Cenchrus purpureus, anaerobic digestion, bioenergy, biomass, feedstocks, furfural, hydrolysis, hydroxymethylfurfural, lignocellulose, methane production, models, slurries, temperature
- Anaerobic digestion (AD) of lignocellulosic biomass has received significant attention for bioenergy production in recent years. However, hydrolysis is a rate-limiting in AD of such feedstock. In this study, effects of hydrothermal pretreatment of Napier grass, a model lignocellulosic biomass, on methane yield were examined through series of batch and semi-continuous studies. In batch studies, the highest methane yield of 248.2 ± 5.5 NmL CH4/g volatile solids (VS)added was obtained from the biomass pretreated at 175 °C, which was 35% higher than that from the unpretreated biomass. The biomass pretreated at 200 °C resulted in formation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfural, which significantly inhibited methanogenesis. In semi-continuous studies, digester fed with the biomass pretreated at 200 °C at organic loading rate (OLR) of 4 g VS/L.d resulted in digester failure. Thus, OLRsoluble/OLRtotal ratio <200 is proposed as an operating criterion for effective operation of digester fed with pretreated biomass slurry.