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Toward a better understanding of chronic kidney disease with complementary chromatographic methods hyphenated with mass spectrometry for improved polar metabolome coverage

Gagnebin, Yoric, Pezzatti, Julian, Lescuyer, Pierre, Boccard, Julien, Ponte, Belén, Rudaz, Serge
Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1116 pp. 9-18
cohort studies, early diagnosis, hydrophilic interaction chromatography, kidney diseases, mass spectrometry, metabolism, metabolites, metabolome, metabolomics, monitoring, multivariate analysis, patients, tryptophan
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide. New technical approaches are needed to improve early diagnosis, disease understanding and patient monitoring, and to evaluate new therapies. Metabolomics, as a prime candidate in the field of CKD research, aims to comprehensively analyze the metabolic complexity of biological systems. An extensive analysis of the metabolites contained in biofluids is therefore needed, and the combination of data obtained from multiple analytical platforms constitutes a promising methodological approach. This study presents an original workflow based on complementary chromatographic conditions, reversed-phase and hydrophilic interaction chromatography hyphenated to mass spectrometry to improve the polar metabolome coverage coupled with a univocal metabolite annotation strategy enabling a rapid access to the biological interpretation. This multiplatform workflow was applied in a CKD cohort study to assess plasma metabolic profile modifications related to renal disease. Multivariate analysis of 278 endogenous annotated metabolites enabled patient stratification with respect to CKD stages and helped to generate new biological insights, while also confirming the relevance of tryptophan metabolism pathway in this condition.