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Characterization of Cellulose Synthase A (CESA) Gene Family in Eudicots

Nawaz, Muhammad Amjad, Lin, Xiao, Chan, Ting-Fung, Imtiaz, Muhammad, Rehman, Hafiz Mamoon, Ali, Muhammad Amjad, Baloch, Faheem Shehzad, Atif, Rana Muhammad, Yang, Seung Hwan, Chung, Gyuhwa
Biochemical genetics 2019 v.57 no.2 pp. 248-272
Angiospermae, biosynthesis, cell walls, cellulose synthase, genes, genomics, leaves, microsatellite repeats, phylogeny, proteins, senescence (aging)
Cellulose synthase A (CESA) is a key enzyme involved in the complex process of plant cell wall biosynthesis, and it remains a productive subject for research. We employed systems biology approaches to explore structural diversity of eudicot CESAs by exon–intron organization, mode of duplication, synteny, and splice site analyses. Using a combined phylogenetics and comparative genomics approach coupled with co-expression networks we reconciled the evolution of cellulose synthase gene family in eudicots and found that the basic forms of CESA proteins are retained in angiosperms. Duplications have played an important role in expansion of CESA gene family members in eudicots. Co-expression networks showed that primary and secondary cell wall modules are duplicated in eudicots. We also identified 230 simple sequence repeat markers in 103 eudicot CESAs. The 13 identified conserved motifs in eudicots will provide a basis for gene identification and functional characterization in other plants. Furthermore, we characterized (in silico) eudicot CESAs against senescence and found that expression levels of CESAs decreased during leaf senescence.