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Hematologic reference intervals of Danish sows at mid-gestation
- Bhattarai, Sheeva, Framstad, Tore, Nielsen, Jens Peter
- Acta veterinaria scandinavica 2019 v.61 no.1 pp. 16
- blood sampling, breeding, erythrocytes, guidelines, hematocrit, hemoglobin, herds, litter size, sows, swine production, Denmark
- Hematologic reference intervals are useful tools for interpretation of laboratory results in swine practice and research. Until now, there were no hematologic reference intervals established for gestating Danish sows and those established in other countries are either out-dated, produced using very few sows or incomplete with few variables. In the past few decades there have been significant increases in litter size due to breeding, as well as the development of new analytical procedures for hematology and statistical procedures for calculating reference intervals. Therefore, hematologic reference intervals representing current pig production and technology are greatly needed. The main objective of this study was to provide updated and complete hematologic reference intervals for Danish sows at mid-gestation. Blood samples were collected at mid-gestation from 248 sows belonging to five commercial herds in Denmark and the samples were analysed for several hematologic variables using the Advia 2120i Hematology System. The reference intervals were calculated according to the guidelines of American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology. The reference interval for hemoglobin concentration was 103.1–145.0 g/L. For red blood cells, hematocrit and mean corpuscular volume, the 95% reference intervals were 4.98–7.50 × 10¹²/L, 0.32–0.47 L/L, 57.0–69.3 fL, respectively. The reference intervals established in this study are different from those previously reported in the literature. These reference intervals add to the current knowledge and will be useful in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of several disease conditions in gestating sow populations.